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Common Buckeye

Named for its conspicuous target-shaped eyespots, the common buckeye, Junonia coenia Hübner, is one of the most distinctive and readily-identifiable North American butterflies. It inhabits a wide variety of open, sunny landscapes including old fields, roadsides, utility corridors, gardens, parks, yards, fallow agricultural land, scrubs, pine savannas, and weedlots.
The common buckeye is a resident across the southern United States and much of Mexico. In Florida, it can be found in all 67 counties. The butterfly regularly expands its range northward each year to temporarily colonize much of the U.S., occasionally reaching southern Canada. Starting in late summer and continuing through fall, huge numbers of adults migrate southward into peninsular Florida, where the adults overwinter.
Adult: The common buckeye is a medium-sized butterfly with several large, conspicuous round eyespots. Adults have a wingspan range of 45 to 70 mm. Females are generally larger than males and have more rounded forewings. The upper surface of the forewing has a broad white postmedian band that touches and often encircles a single large eyespot. The forewing cell has two prominent orange bars. The upper surface of the hindwing has two large eyespots and a broad orange submarginal band. The undersides of the hindwings are seasonally variable. Individuals produced in the wet season (summer) have tan to brown ventral hindwings with more noticeable pattern elements. Individuals produced in the dry season (winter) are a rich reddish-brown.
Le Papillon ocellé est un papillon marron orné d'orange et de blanc, reconnaissable à ses deux ocelles un grand et un petit ocelle noir pupillé de bleu et cerné de jaune sur chaque aile postérieure et antérieure, aile antérieure qui est lobée. Sur le dessus, l'aile antérieure présente le petit ocelle à l'apex et le gros dans une bande blanche, deux bandes orange marquent la base du côté de la costa. L'aile postérieure comporte une bande submarginale orange puis le très gros ocelle et celui de taille moyenne en limite de cette bande.

Le verso de couleur plus pâle possède la même ornementation. Il est d'une teinte plus marron durant la saison humide et plus rose durant la saison sèche. La femelle est plus grande que le mâle et leur envergure varie entre 37 et 70mm

6192DxOButterfliesCaliforniaCalifornieCommon BuckeyeEtatsUnisJunonia coeniaPapillon OcelléPaysSan FranciscoUSAUnited States of Americaanimauxinsectespapillons